Bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity


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На стене криво висело баскетбольное кольцо. Пол был уставлен десятками больничных коек.

Abstract Given the abundance of misreporting about diet and cancer in the media and online, cancer survivors are at risk of misinformation. The aim of this study was to explore cancer survivors' beliefs about diet quality and cancer, the impact on their behaviour and sources of information. Interviews were analysed using Thematic Analysis.

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Emergent bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity highlighted that participants were aware of diet affecting risk for the development of cancer, but were less clear about its role in recurrence.

Nonetheless, their cancer diagnosis appeared to be a prompt for dietary change; predominantly to promote general health. Participants reported that they had not generally received professional advice about diet and were keen to know more, but were often unsure about information from other sources.

It provides comprehensive guidance for treating and understanding bladder cancer and serves as an up-to-date reference reflecting evidence-based research. The biological behavior of this disease entity shows a heterogeneous pattern with diverse morbidity and mortality depending on a variety of factors, such as tumor characteristics tumor stage, grade, size, number, shape, and histologic subtypes and applied treatment modalities surgery or non-surgical management. This book presents the substantial academic developments in the field of bladder cancer in one convenient reference.

The views of our participants suggest cancer survivors would welcome guidance from health professionals. Keywords: beliefs, cancer survivorship, diet, information, knowledge, media 1.

Bladder Cancer

The mechanisms linking dietary fat intake with cancer outcomes are not well understood but are thought to be related to sex hormones such as oestrogen. On the other hand, intervention studies suggest that diet may influence outcomes indirectly via its role in energy balance Chlebowski et al.

  • Кто-то постучал в дверь.

  • Молодой священник, причащавший Беккера, смотрел на него с неодобрением.

Many organisations have lifestyle guidelines for cancer prevention Kushi et al. Insufficient professional advice coupled with a desire for information may lead some cancer survivors to seek out information about diet themselves.

bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity

However, when searching in popular media or online, cancer survivors are likely to hpv cancer meaning a wealth of information, not all of which will be reliable and accurate.

There bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity an abundance of media misreporting of the dietary factors that are linked to cancer risk Goldacre, that could be misleading bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity patients, particularly if they believe the sources to be trustworthy.

However, these studies did not explore survivors' use of the media for information about diet and were conducted some time ago. Determining cancer survivors' sources of information about diet and cancer will help understand why they hold particular beliefs about these factors. Qualitative research enables us to capture a range of views and to explore why those views are held.

Methods 2. This also meant we would be representing a wide range of views, applicable to the wider survivorship population as opposed to focusing on a more specific group. Cancer la colon la femei simptome were chosen over focus groups as we were interested in hearing about patients' individual beliefs and experiences, rather than determining a group consensus. Telephone interviews also encouraged individuals to take part that might have otherwise been put off by a lack of flexibility around time e.

Bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity qualitative methodology was chosen because we were not seeking to test a hypothesis, but rather to obtain a rich source of information bladder cancer genetic heterogeneity better understand the rationale behind dietary beliefs and changes in this population Holliday, During this telephone call, information was given about the study with an opportunity to ask questions.

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We aimed to recruit until it was felt that saturation had been reached. Interviews lasted approximately 1 hr, and were recorded and transcribed verbatim.

A topic guide Figure  1 was developed by HC, KW and RB to guide the interviews and consisted of a series of open questions covering beliefs about the relationship between diet and cancer, sources of information and changes to diet following cancer diagnosis.

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This was part of a broader interview that also covered participants' views about other lifestyle factors and cancer. Interviewers were trained to have minimal verbal input and prompt only when appropriate Oppenheim, The topic guide was piloted with two participants whose data were included because no substantial changes were required.