This article provides an overview of the current state of the imaging modalities used for primary tumor visualization, staging and follow-up. Detection of NETs and patient monitoring relies mainly on anatomical imaging such as computed tomography CTmagnetic resonance imaging MRIand ultrasonography US under certain conditions.
Neuroendocrine tumors NETs are found throughout the intestinal tract, the appendix and terminal ileum being the most common neuroendocrine cancer with carcinoid tumors, and are classified by site of origin and by degree of differentiation, with well-differentiated lesions representing those tumors formerly referred to as carcinoid tumors. We report the clinical, serological and histological diagnosis of a years-old male patient with congestive heart failure secondary to carcinoid heart disease in the context of liver metastases of an ileum carcinoid tumor.
Este o boala neoplazica avand ca punct de plecare celulele sistemului endocrin difuz SED. Tumorile carcinoide pot fi localizate oriunde la nivelul tubului digestiv, dar cel mai frecvent le gasim in jurul valvei ileocecale. Pot fi asimptomatice sau pot genera simptome obstructive. Simptomele clinice sunt expresia hipersecretiei hormonale. Substantele eliberate de tumorile carcinoide includ: serotonina metabolitul sau urinar este 5HIAAhistamina metabolitul sau urinar este acidul metilmidazolacetictahikinine, substanta P, neurokinina A sau neuropeptidul K, ce sunt responsabile de flush si pot fi un indicator timpuriu al sindromului carcinoid.
Metastatic carcinoid tumor neuroendocrine cancer with carcinoid tumors as right sided heart failure. Int J Endocrinol Metab ; Carcinoid heart disease.
Clinical and echocardiographic spectrum in 74 patients. Circulation ; — Features of carcinoid heart disease identified by 2- and 3-dimensional echocardiography and cardiac MRI.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 3: — The pathologic classification of neuroen-docrinetumors: a review of nomenclature, grading, and staging Systems. Pancreas ; — Carcinoid: a comprehensive review.
ActaOncol ; Oberg KE. The management of neuroendocrine tumours: cur¬rent and future medical therapy options. Clin Oncol ; Prog Cardiovasc Dis ; Role of natriuretic peptides in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with carcinoid heart disease.
Br J Cancer ; The diagnosis and medi¬cal management of advanced neuro-endocrine tumors.
Endocr Rev ; Factors associated with progression of carcinoid heart disease. N Engl J Med ; — Bhattacharyya, C.
Toumpanakis, D. Chilkunda, M.
Treatment update on neuroendocrine cancers
Caplin, J. Risk factors for the devel-opment and progression of carcinoid heart disease. Am J Cardiol ; — Int J Cardiol ; — Gastric stromal tumor.
Case Report. Rev Med Chir ; Ec-topic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome caused by a carcinoid tumor of the thymus.
- MATERIALS AND METHODS: Imaging studies of 22 patients 12 men, mean age 60 years with histopathologically confirmed diagnosis, evaluated in the authors's institution during the last five years were retrospectively reviewed by two radiologists, with findings being consensually described focusing on changes observed at computed tomography.
- Cancer de colon en ninos
«Квадрат» Цезаря, - просияла Сьюзан.
- NEUROENDOCRINE TUMORS: CHOOSING APPROPRIATE IMAGING METHODS | The Medical-Surgical Journal
A case report.